Iron Deficient Anemia

Last Updated: 03/28/17

High White Blood Cell Count and Low Blood Pressure

Index

  1. What is Iron Deficient Anemia?
  2. Symptoms
  3. Diagnosis by Doctor - In Office Visit
  4. Management Options
  5. Iron Rich Food
    1. Meats - Heme Iron
    2. Vegetables - Non-Heme Iron
    3. General Food Types
  6. Absorption
    1. Increase Absorption
    2. Iron (Heme) Inhibitors
  7. Sources

At some point in time for some duration of time people with Neurofibromatosis Type II (NF2) are at risk of Iron Deficient Anemia. From different situations that can result in low levels of Hemoglobin. Contents here explain not just what this might mean to people with NF2, but anyone who may have Iron Deficient Anemia, should know Symptoms, Reasons for Proper Diagnosis, and Management Options in food and vitamin forms.

Iron Deficient Anemia is not always a permanent health issue if the reason of the Anemia development is addressed.

1. What is Iron Deficient Anemia?

The most common type of Anemia in the general American population, is Iron Deficient Anemia, also known as Iron-deficiency Anaemia as simply a result of not enough iron rich foods in the typical American diet. It can also be the result of health issues that lower the rate of absorption of iron from food, or an individual may require more iron than the average diet due to health-related blood issues. Some of reasons for this would be from a person:

  1. experiencing Blood Loss,
    • bloody loss, could even be minimal like bleeding gums or minor nose bleeds
    • following surgery
    • women, from blood loss during monthly periods and childbirth
  2. Over 65, who are more likely to have diets that are low in iron
  3. taking Blood Thinners
  4. have Kidney Failure (especially if they are on dialysis), because they have trouble making red blood cells
  5. have trouble absorbing iron

Iron Deficient Anemia commonly occurs after surgery during the healing process, particularly following brain surgery. It otherwise could be the result of certain tumor growth, congestive heart failure, inflammatory diseases.

2. Symptoms

If you have Iron Deficient Anemia you may experience some of the following:

  • Extreme tiredness (Fatigue)
  • Headaches, Dizziness, Lightheadedness, or feeling Faint
  • Weakness
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Chest pain, Palpitations, Fast, or Irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Trouble breathing when doing things like walking, climbing stairs, or even talking
  • Swelling or cold hands and/or feet
  • Pale or yellow skin, nail beds, mouth, and gums
  • Inflammation or soreness of the tongue
  • Brittle Nails
  • Unusual cravings for non-nutritive substances, such as ice, dirt or starch
  • Poor appetite, especially in infants and children with iron deficiency anemia
  • Twitching muscles
  • Constipation
  • Dysphagia (Difficulty Swallowing)

3. Diagnosis by Doctor - In Office Visit

Iron Deficient Anemia, might be seen in blood tests as; High White Blood Cell Count, or Low Platelet Count, but more specifically a low Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), it can also result in Low Blood Pressure Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to all parts of the body necessary for the brain and organs.

It is dangerous for an individual to determine if they do or do not have Iron Deficient Anemia on their own based on symptoms and personal review of blood test, this is something a doctor needs to do in an in-office visit. Confirmation of Anemia is based not just on White Blood Cells or Platelets, but Complete Blood Count (CBC) and additional factors. The options of what to do for best options for each person is different depending on the situation and self-management can be not just dangerous but life threatening.

  1. Prescriptions, Treatments and Chemotherapies might require adjustments such as breaks or temporarily taking lower doses.
  2. How much iron is needed, depends on many factors, and only a small amount in diet may correct the situation. However, iron is not a substance the body will pass if more than is needed is consumed.
  3. The amount of iron assumed to be necessary may not be enough and after attempts at adjustments may require more iron than food or supplements can deliver and a blood transfer may be necessary.
  4. High Hemoglobin levels from over-consumption of Iron in food or supplements can cause kidney or other organs. A yearly or more frequent blood test may be required to monitor organs.
  5. Symptoms and numbers in blood work can be the result of something else.
  6. Anemia is best treated when the actual reason for its development is found, which is best done with the help of a doctor.

The amount of iron an individual needs each day typically depends on age, sex, and whether a mostly plant-based diet is consumed. A person with Iron Deficient Anemic as a result of poor iron absorption, or health issue will require more iron than listed numbers found. Talk to your doctor.

4. Management Options

Management of Iron Deficient Anemia may require a combination of an increase of foods high in Iron, an Iron supplement, Vitamin B12 and/or Folic Acid. Depending on the situation supplements alone may not be enough and require a blood transfusion.

Hemoglobin iron is commonly referred to as Heme Iron. Heme-Iron is found in animal foods that originally contained hemoglobin, such as red meats, fish, and poultry meat. Poultry, and seafood contain both heme and non-heme iron. Your body absorbs the most iron from heme sources. Most Non-Heme Iron is from plant sources.

Iron rich foods fall under two categories; heme (from animal sources) and non-heme (from plants). Iron rich foods from animal sources can help reach iron levels faster and stay in the body longer. Plant based iron rich foods have many additional health benefits, despite the need of more to maintain the same amount of Hemoglobin in the blood. Remember that Iron Deficient Anemia causing fatigue and poor appetite, which means eating until full is not necessarily enough.

5. Iron Rich Food

Listed in the first two sections are foods highest in iron, but does not include the whole list of foods that also include iron.

Hemoglobin Iron also known as Heme Iron (from animal sources)

  • Beef (Chuck, Roast, Lean, Ground or Liver)
  • Chicken Liver
  • Clams
  • Leg of Lamb
  • Oysters
  • Shrimp
  • Salmon
  • Tuna
  • Turkey Leg

Non-Hemoglobin Iron also known as Non-Heme Iron (from plants)

  • Beans (Kidney, Lima, Navy)
  • Brown Rice
  • Lentils
  • Molasses
  • Multigrain Bread
  • Oatmeal
  • Peanut butter
  • Raisin bran (enriched)
  • Spinach
  • Whole Wheat Bread

General Iron Food Explanation

  • Lean meat, seafood, and poultry.
  • Iron-fortified breakfast cereals and breads.
  • White beans, lentils, spinach, kidney beans, and peas.
  • Nuts and some dried fruits, such as raisins.

6. Absorption

Increase Absorption

It can be harder to reach iron goals with non-heme irons, but the following can help without requiring a large quality of food to meet goals:

  1. Eating some heme iron with other sources of non-heme iron, the iron is more completely absorbed.
  2. Food with iron can have a higher rate of absorption if eaten along with a good source of vitamin C. Sources of Vitamin C include; orange juice, broccoli, strawberries, tomatoes, citrus fruits like strawberries, red peppers, yellow peppers and orange peppers, or eat non heme iron foods with a food from the meat, fish, and poultry group.

Iron (Heme) Inhibitors

Be it heme or non-heme certain foods can lower chances of not just meeting goals and resulting in issues. However, the body will be able to obtain proper ion availability 2 hours after digestion, or a higher amount of iron rich foods would be required if eaten in combination of these thing.

Foods that can lower absorption include: (Polyphenols) Coffee, black tea, calcium rich foods, eggs, walnuts, fruits such as apples, blackberries, raspberries and blueberries.

7. Sources

  1. American Cancer Society. Anemia in People With Cancer. (2016) http://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatmentsandsideeffects/physicalsideeffects/anemia/anemia-in-people-with-cancer
  2. Mayo Clinic. Iron Deficient Anemia. (2016) http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/iron-deficiency-anemia/symptoms-causes/dxc-20266514
  3. National Institute of Health. Iron. (2016) https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Iron-Consumer
  4. WebMD. Iron-Rich Foods. http://www.webmd.com/diet/iron-rich-foods
  5. Cleveland Clinic. Anemia and Iron Rich Foods. http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases_conditions/hic_Anemia/hic-anemia-and-iron-rich-foods
  6. Medscape. Iron Deficiency Anemia Workup. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/202333-workup
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